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                          BIBLIOGRAPHY

I. Books & Special Issues 

19. The Writings of Al Hajj Seku Taal / Les écritures d’el hajj Sékou Tall, Edited & Translated by Christopher Wise, Washington D.C.: Sahel Nomad Books, forthcoming.

18. The Manuscripts of Timbuktu: Secrets, Myths, and Realities, by Jean-Michel Djian.  Translated by Christopher Wise.  Trenton, New Jersey & Asmara, Eritrea: Africa World Press, 2019: 196 pp.

17. À la recherche de Yambo Ouologuem. Paris: Les Èditions Philae, 2018: 88 pp. 

16. Archive of the Umarian Tijaniyya, Edited & Translated by Christopher Wise, Washington D.C.: Sahel Nomad Books, 2017: 500 pp.; 2ndEdition 560 pp.  

15. Sorcery, Totem, and Jihad in African Philosophy, “Suspensions: Contemporary Middle Eastern and Islamicate Thought,” New York: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2017: 216 pp.

14.  In Search of Yambo Ouologuem.  Vlaeberg, South Africa: Chimurenga Books, “Best of Chimurenga,” Series 2, Book 5, 2011: 60pp.

13. The Timbuktu Chronicles, 1493-1599 C.E.: Al Hajj Mahmud Kati’s Tarikh al-fattash, by Al Hajj Mahmud Kâti. Edited by Christopher Wise, Translated by Christopher Wise & Hala Abu Taleb. Trenton, New Jersey & Asmara, Eritrea: Africa World Press, 2011. 340 pp.

12.  Chomsky and Deconstruction: The Politics of Unconscious Knowledge, New York, Palgrave-MacMillan, 2011: 208 pp.

11.  Being Arab: Arabism and the Politics of Recognition, Edited by Christopher Wise & Paul James. Fitzroy, Australia: Arena Publications, 2010: 266 pp.

10. “Being Arab: Arabism and the Politics of Recognition,” Edited by Christopher Wise & Paul James, a special double issue of Arena Journal, New Series, No. 33/34 (2009): 270 pp.

9. Derrida, Africa, and the Middle East, New York: Palgrave-MacMillan, 2009: 227pp.

8. The Yambo Ouologuem Reader: The Duty of Violence, A Black Ghostwriter’s Letter to France, & The Thousand and One Bibles of Sex. Edited & Translated by Christopher Wise. Trenton, New Jersey & Asmara, Eritrea: Africa World Press, 2008: 358pp. 

7. Developing American Studies at Arab Universities: Resources, Research, and Outreach, Edited by Christopher Wise & Mounira Soliman.  Cairo, Egypt: Bi-National Fulbright Commission & the American Embassy, Cairo, 2004: 186pp.

6. The Parachute Drop, by Norbert Zongo. Translated by Christopher Wise. Trenton, New Jersey & Asmara, Eritrea: Africa World Press, 2004: 173pp. 

5. The Desert Shore: Literatures of the Sahel, Edited by Christopher Wise. London & Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2001: 273pp. 

4. Yambo Ouologuem: Postcolonial Writer, Islamic Militant, Edited by Christopher Wise. London & Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1999: 258pp. 

3.Littératures du Sahel, Edited by Christopher Wise, Joseph Paré, & Salaka Sanou. Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso: RÉLIS (Réseau d'Études Littéraires Sahéliennes), 1998: 124pp.

2. "Third World Literature, Postcolonial Studies, and Christianity," Special Issue, Christianity and Literature, Edited by Christopher Wise, Vol. 45, No. 1 (Autumn 1995): 152pp.

1. The Marxian Hermeneutics of Fredric Jameson, New York: Bern, Berlin, Frankfurt/M. Paris, Wein: Peter Lang, 1995. American University Studies: Series 3, Comparative Literature. Vol. 49: pp. 143.

 

II. Articles, Translations, Interviews, Prefaces

100. “Islam and West African Religions,” Handbook of Islam in Africa, Ed. Fallou Ngom, Mustapha H. Kurfi, & Toyin Falola. New York: Palgrave-MacMillan, forthcoming.

99. “Introduction: Al Hajj Seku Taal, A Grand Figure of the Sahel” The Writings of Al Hajj Seku Taal, by Al Hajj Seku Taal.  Translated by Christopher Wise.  Washington, D.C.: Sahel Nomad Books [5,000 words], forthcoming. 

98. “Après Azawad: Le devoir de violence, le djihad, et l'idéologies chérifienne dans le Nord du Mali, Translated by Ninon Chavez, 1968-2018: L’oeuvre de Yambo Ouologuem, Un carrefour d’écritures?, Ed. Christine Le Quellec Cottier & Bernard Mouralis,” Presses universitaires Strasbourg, forthcoming. 

97. “Introduction: Al Hajj Umar Taal and the Umarian Tijaniyya,” Archive of the Umarian Tijaniyya.  Edited by Christopher Wise. Washington D.C.: Sahel Nomad Books, 2017: xvii-lxxi.

96. “Sovereignty in Pre-Colonial Mali and Northern Africa,” The Handbook of African Philosophy, Ed. Adeshina Afolayan &  Toyin Falola, New York: Palgrave-MacMillan, 2017: 417-429. 

95.  “Deconstruction, Zionism, and the BDS Movement,” Arena Journal, Issue No. 47/48 (2017): 272-304.

94.  “Yambo Ouologuem: Postcolonial Writer, Anti-Wahhabi Militant,” The Chimurenga Chronic, February 2015: 20-23.  

93. “Foreword,” The Tribulations of a Sahelian Traveler,by Michel Tinguiri.  Washington, D.C.: Sahel Nomad Books, 2014: 7-9.

92. “Yambo Ouologuem In English (Interview With Christopher Wise),” by Stacy Hardy,  “Found In Translation,” Chronic Books: Supplement To Chimurenga Chronic, November 2013: 14-18. 

91. “Leo Africanus and The Songhay Dynasty of the Askiyas,” Arena Journal, No 39/40 (2013):140-157.

90. “Arab Racism Invades Mali,” with Fallou Ngom.  WARA Newsletter(West African Research Association), Spring 2013: 8-9.

89. “Plundering Mali,” Arena Magazine (04/2013) No. 123: 34-37.

88. “The Spirit of Zionism: Derrida, Ruah, and the Purloined Birth Right,” Deconstructing Zionism: A Critique of Metaphysical Politics, Edited by Gianni Vattimo & Michael Marder.  New York: Continuum Press, 2013: 113-131.

87. “The Wild West: The Assassination of the Outlaw Osama bin Laden by the President Barak Obama,” Arena Magazine, (06/2011) No. 112: 5-6.

86. “Middle East Agendas: What form will democracy take in the Middle East?” Arena Magazine, (04/2011-05/2011) No. 111: 20-21.

85. “Pa spaning efter Yambo Ouologuem ,” Glanta, 2/2010: 132-149.

84. “Introduction to the Tarikh al fattash: Timbuktu, Gao, and the Songhay Dynasty of the Askiyas,” The Timbuktu Chronicles, 1493-1599, Edited by Christopher Wise, Trenton, New Jersey: Africa World Press, 2011: ix-xxvii.

83. “Introduction: Arabism Now,” Being Arab: Arabism and the Politics of Recognition, Edited by Christopher Wise & Paul James. Fitzroy, Australia: Arena Publications, 2010: 1-15.

82. “Arab Nationalism After Iraq: An Interview with Gilbert Achcar,” Being Arab: Arabism and the Politics of Recognition, Edited by Christopher Wise & Paul James. Fitzroy, Australia: Arena Publications, 2010: 159-174.

81. “Arabism and Jihad in the Sahel,” Being Arab: Arabism and the Politics of Recognition, Edited by Christopher Wise & Paul James. Fitzroy, Australia: Arena Publications, 2010: 254-263.

80. “Introduction: Arabism Now,” in “Being Arab: Arabism and the Politics of Recognition,” Edited by Christopher Wise & Paul James, a special double issue of Arena Journal, New Series, No. 33/34 (2009): 1-15.

79. “Arab Nationalism After Iraq: An Interview with Gilbert Achcar,” in “Being Arab: Arabism and the Politics of Recognition,” Edited by Christopher Wise & Paul James, a special double issue of Arena Journal, New Series, No. 33/34 (2009): 159-174.

78. “Arabism and Jihad in the Sahel,” in “Being Arab: Arabism and the Politics of Recognition,” Edited by Christopher Wise & Paul James, a special double issue of Arena Journal, New Series, No. 33/34 (2009): 254-263.

77. “The Novel, Historiography, and the Griot Epic in the Sahel,” Teaching The African Novel, Edited by Gaurav Desai. New York: Modern Language Association: 2009: 154-175.

76. “The Enduring Legacy of Edward Said,” Postcolonial Studies, Vol. 12, No. 1 (2009): 137-142.

75. “Preface,” The Yambo Ouologuem Reader, Edited by Christopher Wise. Trenton, New Jersey & Asmara, Eritrea: Africa World Press, 2008: vii-xx. 

74. “In Search of Yambo Ouologuem,” Special Issue: “Conversations with Poets Who Refuse to Speak,” Chimurenga, Number 11 (2007): 56-73.

73. “Zionism Without Zionism: The Jacqueline Rose-Edward Said Exchange,” Arena Journal, New Series, Number 28 (2007): 119-131.

72. “The Figure of Jerusalem: Jacques Derrida’s Specters of Marx,” Contemporary Literary Criticism, Vol. 225, Edited by James W. Hunter. Detroit: Gale Research Co., 2007: 51-61.

71. "Nyama and Heka: African Concepts of the Word," Comparative Literature Studies, Vol. 43, No. 1-2 (2006): 17-36.

70. “The Killing of Norbert Zongo,” Perspectives on African Literatures at the Millennium, Ed. by Arthur Drayton & Peter Ukpokodu. Trenton, New Jersey: Africa World Press, 2006: 252-260.

69. "The Figure of Jerusalem: Jacques Derrida's Specters of Marx," Christianity and Literature, Volume 54, Number 1 (Autumn) 2004: 73-91.

68. "Introduction," with Mounria Soliman, Developing American Studies at Arab Universities: Resources, Research, and Outreach, Edited by Christopher Wise & Mounira Soliman. Cairo, Egypt: Bi-National Fulbright Commission & American Embassy, Cairo, 2004: 1-3.

67. "Challenges for Developing American Studies Programs in the Middle East," Developing American Studies at Arab Universities: Resources, Research, and Outreach, Edited by Christopher Wise & Mounira Soliman. Cairo, Egypt: Bi-National Fulbright Commission & American Embassy, Cairo, 2004: 148-157.

66. "Democratizing the American Studies Classroom," Developing American Studies at Arab Universities: Resources, Research, and Outreach, Ed. by Christopher Wise & Mounira Soliman. Cairo, Egypt: Bi-National Fulbright Commission & American Embassy, Cairo, 2004: 158-165.

65. "Conference Recommendations," Developing American Studies at Arab Universities: Resources, Research, and Outreach, Edited by Christopher Wise & Mounira Soliman. Cairo, Egypt: Bi-National Fulbright Commission & American Embassy, Cairo, 2004: 185-186. 

64. “A Lesson in Orientalist Journalism,” Comparative American Studies, Vol.2, No.3 (September 2004): 357-359.

63.“Marxism, Geo-thematics, and Orality-Literacy Studies in the Sahel,” Historical Materialism: Research In Critical Marxist Theory, Special Issue: “Marxism and Sub-Saharan Africa,” Edited by Liam Campling, Vol.12, No.4 (2004): 261-288.

62. "Translator's Preface," The Parachute Drop, by Norbert Zongo. Trenton, New Jersey & Asmara, Eritrea: Africa World Press, 2004: i-xxi.

61. “The Whatness of Loulou: Allegories of Thomism in Flaubert,’” Short Story Criticism,  Volume 60, Edited by Janet Witalec, Detroit, Michigan: Gale Research Co., 2003: 128-135.

60. “Paul Bowles and Islam,” The Creative Circle: Artist, Critic, Translator in African Literature, Edited by Louis Tremaine, Richard Priebe, & Angelina Overvold. Trenton, New Jersey & Asmara, Eritrea: Africa World Press, 2003: 198-214.

59. “Notes from the Aladdin Industry: or, Middle Eastern Folklore in the Era of Multinational Capitalism” The Emperor’s Old Groove: Decolonizing Disney's Magic Kingdom, Edited by Brenda Ayers, New York: Peter Lang, 2003: 105-114.

58. “Préface,” Translated by Éloïse Brezault, Le devoir de violence, by Yambo Ouologuem. Paris: Le Serpent à Plumes, 2003: 7-20.

57.“Derrida and the Palestinian Question,” Arena Journal, New Series, No. 20 (2002/2003): 167-185.

56. “Excavating the New Republic: Post-colonial Subjectivity in Achebe’s Things Fall Apart,” Contemporary Literary Criticism, Vol. 152. Detroit, Michigan: Gale Research Co., 2002: 73-83.

55. “Saying ‘Yes’ to Africa: Jacques Derrida’s Specters of Marx,” Research In African Literatures, Vol. 33, No. 4 (Winter) 2002: 124-142.

54. “Deconstruction and Zionism: Jacques Derrida’s Specters of Marx” Diacritics, Vol. 31, No. 1 (Spring) 2001: 56-72.

53. "Introduction: The Land of the Blood-Boiling Sun," co-authored with Joseph Paré, The Desert Shore: Literatures of the Sahel, Edited by Christopher Wise. London & Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2001: 1-18.

52. "Translator’s Preface: The Killing of Norbert Zongo," The Desert Shore: Literatures of the Sahel, Edited by Christopher Wise. London & Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2001: 157-158.

51. "The Mobutuization of Burkina Faso," by Norbert Zongo. Translated by Christopher Wise, The Desert Shore: Literatures of the Sahel, Edited by Christopher Wise. London & Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2001: 158-173.

50. “Anarchy’s Delirious Trek: A Tuareg Epic,” by Hawad, Translated by Georg M. Gugelberger and Christopher Wise. The Desert Shore: Literatures of the Sahel, Edited by Christopher Wise. London & Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2001: 113-126.

49."Writing Timbuktu: Park's Hat / Laing's Hand," The Desert Shore: Literatures of the Sahel, Edited by Christopher Wise. London & Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2001: 175-200.

48. "Preface to 'The Origins of the Fulani,'" The Desert Shore: Literatures of the Sahel, Edited by Christopher Wise. London & Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2001: 11-12.

47. "The Origins of the Fulani," by El Hadjj Sékou Tall. Translated by Christopher Wise, The Desert Shore: Literatures of the Sahel, Edited by Christopher Wise. London & Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2001: 12-26.

46. "The Word Beyond The Word: Pacéré's Theory of Talking Drums," The Desert Shore: Literatures of the Sahel, Edited by Christopher Wise. London & Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2001: 27-44.

45. "Saglego: or, Drum Poem (For The Sahel)," by Titinga Frédéric Pacéré. Translated by Christopher Wise, The Desert Shore: Literatures of the Sahel, Edited by Christopher Wise. London & Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2001: 45-72.

44. "Bendrology In Question," by Albert Ouedraogo. Translated by Christopher Wise & Edgard Sankara. The Desert Shore: Literatures of the Sahel, Edited by Christopher Wise. London & Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2001: 73-86.

43. "Wanderings: Bamako, Moscow, Delhi," by El Hadjj Sékou Tall. Translated by Christopher Wise & Karl Steel. The Desert Shore: Literatures of the Sahel, Edited by Christopher Wise. London & Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2001: 228-249.

42. "Reflections In Conclusion: Bridging The Shore," The Desert Shore: Literatures of the Sahel, Edited by Christopher Wise. London & Boulder: Lynne Rienner 
Publishers, 2001: 251-252.

41. "The Case For Jameson," Beyond The Corporate University, Edited by Henry Giroux & Kostas Myrsiades, Boulder, Colorado: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2001: 175-194.

40. "Translator's Preface to 'Wanderings: Bamako, Moscow, Delhi,'" The Journal of African Travel-Writing, Special Issue: "Africans Abroad,” No. 8/9, 2001: 77-78.

39. "Wanderings: Bamako, Moscow, Delhi,” by El Hadjj Tall Sékou. Translated by Christopher Wise & Karl Steel. The Journal of African Travel-Writing, Special Issue, "Africans Abroad,” No. 8/9, 2001: 79-94.

38. "A Conversation With Mary Brave Bird," with R. Todd Wise, American Indian Quarterly, Vol. 24, No. 3 (Summer 2000): 482-493.

37. "El Hadjj Sékou Tall: A Grand Figure of the Sahel," Voices: The Wisconsin Review of African Literatures, Issue 4 (2000): 51-54. 

36. "The Triumph of El Hadjj Oumar Tall," co-authored with Mountaga Tall and Diana Seck, Voices: The Wisconsin Review of African Literatures, Spring 2000, Issue 3: 29-33. 

35. "The Killing of Norbert Zongo (1949-1998)," Research in African Literatures, Vol. 31, No. 1 (Spring 2000): 232-233.

34. "Forum Section: October 4, 1999," Research in African Literatures, Vol. 31, No. 1 (Spring 2000): 230-231.

33. "Key Concepts and Traditional African Society: Liberty, Equality, Human Rights, Duties, Prohibitions, Solidarity, Coexistence, Peace," by El Hadjj Sékou Tall. Translated by Christopher Wise, Voices: The Wisconsin Review of African Literatures, Issue 4 (2000): 55-63. 

32. "Excavating The New Republic: Postcolonial Subjectivity in Achebe's Things Fall Apart," Callaloo: Journal of African-American and African Arts and Letters, Vol. 22, No. 4 (Fall 1999): 1054-1070.

31. "Introduction: A Voice From Bandiagara," Yambo Ouologuem: Postcolonial Writer, Islamic Militant, Edited by Christopher Wise. London & Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1999: 1-14.

30. "Qur'anic Hermeneutics, Sufism, and Le Devoir de violence: Yambo Ouologuem as Marabout-Novelist," Yambo Ouologuem: Postcolonial Writer, Islamic Militant, Edited by Christopher Wise. London & Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1999: 174-195.

29. "In Search of Yambo Ouologuem," Yambo Ouologuem: Postcolonial Writer, Islamic Militant, Edited by Christopher Wise. London & Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1999: 199-218.

28. "Yambo Ouologuem Among the Tidjaniya" Yambo Ouologuem: Postcolonial Writer, Islamic Militant, Edited by Christopher Wise. London & Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers,1999: 219-230.

27. "Interview With El Hadjj Tall Sékou," Yambo Ouologuem: Postcolonial Writer, Islamic Militant, Edited by Christopher Wise. London & Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1999: 231-241.

26. "Mary Brave Bird Speaks: A Brief Interview," with R. Todd Wise, Studies in American Indian Literatures, Vol. 10, No. 4 (Winter 1998): 1-8.

25. “Yambo Ouologuem contre Malcolm X: L'islam afro-américain vu par un musulman africain," Analyses: Revue Franco-Africaine, No. 6 (Novembre 1998): 47-55.

24. "The Actuality of Frantz Fanon: Critical Fanonism, Thomas Sankara, and Islamic 'Resurgence,'" Arena Journal, New Series, No. 12 (1998): 129-142.

23. “Chronicle of a Student Strike in Africa: The Case of Burkina Faso, 1996-1997," African Studies Review, Vol. 41, No.2 (1998): 19-36.

22. "In Search of Yambo Ouologuem," Research In African Literatures, Vol. 29, No. 2 (Summer 1998): 159-182.

21. “English Language Preface," Littératures du Sahel, Edited by Christopher Wise, Joseph Paré and Salaka Sanou. Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso: RÉLIS, 1998: iii.

20. "Orientalism in Ramzi M. Salti's The Native Informant: Six Tales of Defiance from the Arab World," Notes On Contemporary Literature, Vol. XXVIII, No. 1. (January 1998):8-11.

19. “Yambo Ouologuem dans le postmoderne: les débats littéraires sur 'Le Devoir de violence depuis 1985,'" Littératures du Sahel. Edited by Christopher Wise, Joseph Paré and Salaka Sanou. Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso: RÉLIS, 1998: 117-122.

18. "Resurrecting the Devil: Notes on Ngugi's Theory of the Oral-Aural African Novel," Research In African Literatures, Special Issue: "The Oral-Written Interface in African Literatures," Edited by Alain Ricard & C.F. Swanepoel. Vol.28, No.1 (Spring 1997): 134-140.

17. "Re-Orienting The Subject: Arab-American Ethnicity in Ramzi M. Salti's The Native Informant: Six Tales of Defiance From The Arab World," Ethnicity and The American Short Story, Edited by Julie Brown, New York & London: Garland Press, 1997: 213-227.

16. "The Garden Trampled: or, The Liquidation of African Culture in V.S. Naipaul's A Bend in the River," College Literature, Vol.23, No.3 (October 1996): 58-72.

15. "Qur'anic Hermeneutics, Sufism, and Le Devoir de violence: Yambo Ouologuem as Marabout Novelist," Religion and Literature, Vol.28, No.1 (Spring 1996): 85-112.

14. "Historical Review: African-American Literature," with Cora Agatucci, English Postcoloniality: Literatures From Around The World, Edited by Radhika Mohanram & Gita Rajan. Westport, Connecticut / London: Greenwood Publishing, 1996: 135-143.

13. "(Post)modernity / (Post)coloniality: A Critical Response to Mark Poster’s ‘Second Media Age?’" Arena Journal (Journal of the Arena Publications Association) New Series, No. 5 (1995): 33-49.

12. "The Hammer and The Dove: Nietzsche, Foucault, and the American New Historicism," The West Georgia College Review, Volume XXV (May 1995): 33-49.

11. "The Dialectics of Négritude," Postcolonial Discourse and Changing Cultural Contexts, Edited by Gita Rajan & Radhika Mohanram. Westport, Connecticut & London: Greenwood Publishing, 1995: 33-46.

10. "Introduction: The Poetics of Disgrace," Christianity and Literature, Special Issue: "Third World Literature, Postcolonial Studies, and Christianity," Edited by Christopher Wise. Vol.45, No.1 (Autumn 1995): 5-12.

9. "Messianic Delusions and Manichean Realities: Ngugi wa Thiong'o, Christianity, and The Third World Novel," Christianity and Literature, Edited by Christopher Wise. Vol.45, No.1 (Autumn 1995): 31-51.

8. "The Politics of Ecstasy: Postmodernity, Ethics, and Native American Culture in Oliver Stone's The Doors and Natural Born Killers," Postmodern Ethics, Edited by Marc LaFountain (West Georgia College Studies in Social Science, Vol. XXXIII 1995): 41-68.

7. "Pee-Wee, Penley, and Pedagogy: or, Hands-On Feminism in the Writing Classroom," Left Margins: Cultural Studies and Composition Pedagogy, Edited by Karen Fitts & Alan W. France. Albany, N.Y.: SUNY Press, 1995: 129-138.

6. "Counterstatement on Gerald Graff's 'The Dilemma of Oppositional Pedagogy: A Response,’" Left Margins: Cultural Studies and Composition Pedagogy, Edited by Karen Fitts & Alan W. France. Albany, N.Y.: SUNY Press, 1995: 293-294. 

5. "The Case For Jameson," College Literature, Special Issue: "The Politics of Teaching Literature 2," Vol. 21, No. 3 (October 1994): 173-189.

4. "The Profane Illumination: Reflections From the Benjamin-Adorno Debate," Arena Journal (Journal of the Arena Publications Association), New Series, No. 2 (1994): 195-214.

3. "Jameson's Dialectical Aesthetics," Rethinking MARXISM, Vol. 6, No. 4 (Winter 1993): 66-86.

2. "The Whatness of Loulou: Allegories of Thomism in Flaubert," Religion & Literature, Vol. 25, No. 1 (Spring 1993) 35-49.

1. "Jameson / Frye / Medieval Hermeneutics," Christianity and Literature, Special Issue: "Northrop Frye," Edited by Robert Snyder. Vol.41, No.3 (Spring 1992): 313-333. 

III. Encyclopedia Entries

14. “Brave Bird, Mary Crow Dog,” Women’s Rights in the United States: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Issues, Events, and People, Edited by Timothy K. Wayne, Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2014: 35-36. 

13. “Amadou Hampâté Bâ,” Dictionary of African Biography: Volume 1, Edited by Henry Louis Gates, Jr. &  Emmanuel K. Akyeampong.  Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2012: 321-323.

12. “Ahmad Baba al-Massufi al-Tinbukti,” Dictionary of African Biography: Volume 1, Edited by Henry Louis Gates, Jr. & Emmanuel K. Akyeampong.  Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2012: 124-125.

11. “Al hajj Mahmoud Kati,” Dictionary of African Biography: Volume 3, Edited by Henry Louis Gates, Jr. &  Emmanuel K. Akyeampong.  Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2012: 309-310.

10. “Yambo Ouologuem,” Dictionary of African Biography: Volume 3, Edited by Henry Louis Gates, Jr. &  Emmanuel K. Akyeampong.  Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2012: 61-62.

9. “Norbert Zongo,” Dictionary of African Biography: Volume 5, Edited by Henry Louis Gates, Jr. &  Emmanuel K. Akyeampong.  Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2012: 247-249.

8. “Frédéric Titinga Pacéré,” Dictionary of African Biography: Volume 5, Edited by Henry Louis Gates, Jr. &  Emmanuel K. Akyeampong.  Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2012: 72-73.

7. “Hawad,” Dictionary of African Biography: Volume 3, Edited by Henry Louis Gates, Jr. &  Emmanuel K. Akyeampong.  Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2012: 42-43. 

6. “Brave Bird, Mary,” Encyclopedia of American Indian Religious Traditions, Vol.1, Edited by Suzanne J. Crawford and Dennis F. Kelley. Santa Barbara, California and Oxford, England: ABC-CLIO, 2005: 83-85.

5. “Crow Dog, Leonard,” Encyclopedia of American Indian Religious Traditions Vol. 1, Edited by Suzanne J. Crawford and Dennis F. Kelley. Santa Barbara, California and Oxford, England: ABC-CLIO, 2005: 190-193.

 

4. “An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrad's Heart of Darkness,” The Chinua Achebe Encyclopedia, Edited by M. Keith Booker. London & Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 2003: 115-116.

3. “Hawad,” Encyclopedia of African Literature, Edited by Simon Gikandi, London & New York: Routledge, 2003: 218.

2. “Pacéré, Frédéric Titinga,” Encyclopedia of African Literature, Edited by Simon Gikandi, London & New York: Routledge, 2003: 430.

1. “Zongo, Norbert” Encyclopedia of African Literature, Edited by Simon Gikandi, London & New York: Routledge, 2003: 587.

IV. Book Reviews 

16. Rev. of Muslims beyond the Arab World: The Odyssey of ‘Ajami and the Muridiyya, by Fallou Ngom, Reading Religion, “AAR [American Academy of Religion] Religion, Culture, and History,” December 12, 2016.  http://readingreligion.org/books/muslims-beyond-arab-world

 15. Rev. of  Islam, Ethics, Revolt: Politics and Piety in Francophone West African and Maghreb Narrative,by Donald R. Wehrs, Modern Fiction Studies, Vol. 56, No. 2 (Summer) 2010: 450-453.

14. Rev. of Epic Traditions of Africa, by Stephen Belcher, Comparative Literature Studies, Vol. 38, No. 4 (2001): 358-361.

13. Rev. of Ken Saro-Wiwa: Writer and Political Activist, by Craig W. McLuckie & Aubrey McPhail. & Ken Saro-Wiwa: A Bio-critical Study, by Femi Ojo Ade, Research in African Literatures, Vol. 32, No. 1 (Spring 2001): 131-132.

12. Rev. of The Real Thing: Testimonial Discourse and Latin America, by Georg M. Gugelberger, College Literature, Vol. 25, No. 3 (Fall 1998): 208-210.

11. Rev of Faces of Islam in African Literature, edited by Kenneth Harlow, Literature and Belief, Vol.16, No.1 (1996): 155-157.

10. Rev. of Colonialism and Gender Relations From Mary Wollstonecraft to Jamaica Kincaid, by Moria Ferguson, Notes on Contemporary Literature, Volume XXVI, No.1 (January 1996): 11-12.

9. Rev. of The History of Christianity in Africa, by Elizabeth Isichei, Christianity and Literature, Vol. 45, No.1 (Autumn 1995): 137-138.

8. Rev. of The Tao and The Logos: Literary Hermeneutics East and West, by Zhang Longxi, Philosophy and Literature, Vol. 18, No. 1 (April 1994) 191-192.

7. Rev. of Saints and Postmodernism: Revisioning Moral Philosophy, by Edith Wyshogrod, Christianity and Literature, Vol. 43, No.2 (Winter 1994): 228-231.

6. Rev. of Postmodern Theory: Critical Interrogationsby Stephen Best and Douglas Kellner, Radical Philosophy Review of Books, No 8 (1993): 1-3.

5. Rev. of Camera Politica: The Politics and Ideology of Contemporary Hollywood Filmby Michael Ryan and Douglas Kellner, Rethinking MARXISM, Vol.6, No.1 (Spring 1993): 139-141.

4. Rev. of Fragments of Redemption: Jewish Literary Thought in Benjamin, Scholem, and Levinasby Susan A. Handelman, Christianity and Literature, Vol.42, No.1 (Autumn 1992) 166-168.

3. Rev. of Voice-Haunted Journeyby Éliud Martinez, M.E.L.U.S.(Journal for the Society of Multi-Ethnic Literature in the United States), Vol. 17, No. 1 (Spring 1991-1992): 121-124.

2. Rev. of Signatures of The Visibleby Fredric Jameson, Philosophy and Literature, Vol. 15, No. 2 (October 1991): 347-349.

1. Rev. of Meaning and Being In Myth, by Norman Austin, Philosophy and Literature, Vol. 14, No. 2 (October 1990): 436-438.

V. Journalism

25. “Interview: Ballet Based on WWU Professor’s Story on Stage,” by Margaret Bikman, The Bellingham Herald: Take Five, Tuesday, June 9, 2011: 4 & 6. 

24. “Q & A with Professor Christopher Wise: Wise explains historical background behind demonstrations in Cairo, Egypt,” by Cole Finch, The Western Front, Vol. 159, Issue 8, Friday, February 4, 2011: 6. 

23. Interview: “Chinese Expulsion Forum,” by Rondolf DeGuzman, Western Front, Vol. 152, Issue 13, November 5, 2010: 3.

22. “Vive la France!” The Star: Jordan’s Political, Economic, and Cultural Weekly, Amman, Jordan, August 28 - 3 September 2003, Vol. 14, No. 9: 7.

21. “Honor Killing and Representation,” The Star: Jordan’s Political, Economic, and Cultural Weekly, Amman, Jordan, 2 – 8 July 2003, Vol. 14, No. 1: 12.

20. “Mr. Bush’s Roadmap to Failure,” The Star: Jordan’s Political, Economic, and Cultural Weekly, Amman, Jordan, 8 – 14 May 2003, Vol. 13, No. 45: 4.

19. “Civilize Them With A Stick,” The Star: Jordan’s Political, Economic, and Cultural Weekly, Amman, Jordan, 24 - 30 April 2003, Vol. 13, No. 43: 4. 

18. “The Power of the Powerless,” The Star: Jordan’s Political, Economic, and Cultural Weekly, Amman, Jordan, 17-23 April 2003, Vol. 13, No. 42: 4.

17. “The Other War, Far From The Bullets,” The Star: Jordan’s Political, Economic, and Cultural Weekly, Amman, Jordan, 10-16 April 2003, Vol. 13, No. 41: 4. 

16. “The Red Indians of Iraq,” Translated by Reem Razem, Al Dostour, Amman, Jordan, April 3-9, 2003.

15. “The Red Indians of Iraq,” The Star: Jordan’s Political, Economic, and Cultural Weekly, Amman, Jordan, 3-9 April 2003, Vol. 13, No 40:12.

14. “Where Have All The Cowboys Gone?” The Star: Jordan’s Political, Economic, and Cultural Weekly, Amman, Jordan, 30 March - 2 April 2003, Vol. 13, No. 39: 4.

13. “Mr. Bush Writes ‘The Rest’ of History,” The Star: Jordan’s Political, Economic, and Cultural Weekly, Amman, Jordan, 13-19 March 2003, Vol. 13, No. 36: 4 & 6.

12. “This War Sucks, Mr. Friedman,” The Star: Jordan’s Political, Economic, and Cultural Weekly, Amman, Jordan, 6-12 March 2003, Vol. 13, No. 35: 4.

11. “An End to American Realpolitik?” The Star: Jordan’s Political, Economic, and Cultural Weekly, Amman, Jordan, 11-19 February 2003, Vol. 13, No. 32: 4.

10. “Jewish Fundamentalism In Israel,” The Star: Jordan’s Political, Economic, and Cultural Weekly, Amman, Jordan, 30 January – 5 February 2003, Vol. 13, No.30: 11.

9. “Loyalty to his own ‘tribe,’” The Star: Jordan’s Political, Economic, and Cultural Weekly, Amman, Jordan, 23-29 January 2003, Vol. 13, No. 29: 7.

8. “The Myth of Israeli Democracy,” The Star: Jordan’s Political, Economic, and Cultural Weekly, Amman, Jordan, 16-22 January 2003, Vol. 13, No. 28: 4.

7. “The American Studies Program Revisited,” Interview by Reem Razem, The University of Jordan: Campus News, November-December 2002, Issue 134: 8-10.

6.“The Image of Ma’an In U.S. Media,” The Star: Jordan’s Political, Economic, and Cultural Weekly, Amman, Jordan, 23 November – 4 December 2002, Vol. 13, No 21: 4.

5. “A Lesson In Orientalist Journalism,” The Star: Jordan’s Political, Economic, and Cultural Weekly, Amman, Jordan, 7-13 November 2002, Vol. 13, No. 18: 4.

4. “Race Politics and U.S. Foreign Policy,” The Star: Jordan’s Political, Economic, and Cultural Weekly, Amman, Jordan, 24-30 October 2002, Vol. 13, No. 16: 4 & 8. 

3. “Ben Laden, Bush – Shared Rage and Thirst For Vengeance,” The Jordan Times, Friday-Saturday, October 12-13, 2001: 5.

2. "L’écriture et la libérté: L’assassinat de Norbert Zongo," ALA Bulletin:A Publication of the African Literature Association, Vol. 26 (Spring 2000): 83.

1. "Writing and Freedom: The Zongo Affair," ALA Bulletin:A Publication of the African Literature Association, Vol. 26 (Spring 2000): 86.